>>社会新闻

为什么美国人喜欢足球

足球已成为一项非常受欢迎的观众运动。全球数百万人观看电视足球,吸引了各种年龄,种族背景,地区,宗教,政党,工作,社会状况,财富和性别水平的粉丝。数百万人迷上大学橄榄球比赛,较小的会众在学校体育场举行。

足球特别职业的足球的普及直接取决于大众媒体尤其是电视。根据人类学家W,谁撰写了美国足球的普及,足球是一种特殊的美国消遣。虽然加拿大在加拿大播放了类似的游戏,但那里的流行不太受欢迎。世界各地,足球是最受欢迎的运动。他认为,如果足球是表达侵略的特别有效的渠道,那么它将传播到许多其他国家,因为美国人所做的敌对倾向和敌对感受。他建议,如果体育的普及只是对血液口渴的气质休息,拳击将是美国的国家消遣。他得出结论,足球普及的解释在于其他地方。阿根人争辩,足球是受欢迎的,因为它象征着美国生活的某些关键方面。它具有基于专业化和劳动分工的团队合作,这是当代生活的普遍性。苏珊蒙塔格和罗伯特·莫拉斯认为,美国人欣赏足球,因为它提出了一种小型化和简化的现代组织版本。 Football helps us understand how decisions are made and rewards are allocated in organizations. Montague and Morais link football’s values particularly team work to those associated with business. Like corporate workers the ideal players are diligent and dedicated to the team. Within corporations however decision making is complicated, and workers aren’t always rewarded for their dedication and good job performance. Decisions are simpler and rewards are more consistent in football, and this helps explain its popularity. Any fan can become an expert on football’s rules, teams, scores, statistics and patterns of play. Football suggests that the values stressed by business really do pay off. Teams whose members work the hardest show the most spirit and best develop and coordinate their talents can be expected to win more often than other teams do.


emagzine.
Baidu